May 26, 2024
Bicornuate and Septate Uterus

Difference Between Bicornuate and Septate Uterus

Definition of Bicornuate and Septate Uterus

Septate uterus and Bicornuate Uterus are both uterine abnormalities that can be caused by congenital birth defects that alter how the uterus looks. A bicornuate or bicornuate uterus is one with a heart-shaped or two-horned look.

The reason for this is that the uterus is comprised of two distinct cavities, which are separated by a septum, or wall. The two cavities could be of similar or unrelated dimensions.

A septate uterus is one that has an ordinary external shape but is divided internally by a septum, or wall. This septum splits the uterine cavity into two smaller cavities. However, unlike a bicornuate, each cavity is roughly identical in dimensions.

A brief overview of bicornuate as well as septate Uterus

Septate uterus and bicornuate is a condition that can impact how the uterus appears. When a bicornuate uterus is present, the uterus is heart-shaped in appearance because of the existence of a septum, which divides the uterus into two parts. This is a condition that occurs during the development of the embryo when the uterus fails to fuse within the midline.

The uterus is normal in its exterior shape, however, it is divided by a septum, which divides the internal cavity into two halves. This happens when the uterus is not able to fully develop, and the septum that separates the two halves of the uterus fails to completely dissolve.

Both of these conditions can lead to frequent miscarriages, premature labor, and difficulty in conceiving. They can also increase the chance of developing complications during pregnancy.

Options for treatment of both disorders can include surgical removal of the septum, or reconstructing the uterus to improve the form that the uterus has. Early diagnosis and proper management can improve the chances of a successful pregnancy for women who suffer from these conditions.

What exactly is Bicornuate?

Bicornuate refers to a medical condition known as the bicornuate uterus, a congenital abnormality affecting fetal development in which the uterus becomes split into two separate horn-like structures at birth, giving it a heart-shaped appearance. It occurs due to two tubes that form the uterus not merging properly during gestation; as a result, each horn may contain its own separate cavity, each having its own cervix.

Bicornuate Uterus
Figur 01: Bicornuate Uterus

Bicornuate uteri may pose risks to women’s reproductive health. They may increase the risks of miscarriages, preterm labor, and breech presentation during gestation; however, many women can conceive and carry pregnancies to full term without any complications.

Diagnosing bicornuate uteruses typically requires imaging tests such as ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Treatment options will depend on each person’s symptoms and reproductive goals; surgery may sometimes be considered, although this may not always be necessary.

If you suspect having a bicorn uterus or have any concerns about your reproductive health, consulting with a healthcare professional to undergo a complete assessment is of vital importance.

What exactly is Septate Uterus?

Septate uterus, also known as the uterine septum is one of the forms of congenital malformations that affect females in which the uterine cavity is divided by a thin layer of tissue referred to by the name of septum. The shape of the external part of the uterus can be described as normal.

Septate Uterus
Figur 02: Septate Uterus

The cavity is separated by an additional wall of thin tissue known as the septum. The thin tissue runs along into the middle of the cavity in this state. If the septum is able to completely divide the cavity, it’s classified as a septate or septate, or uterus. If the septum is able to divide the cavity, it’s classified as sub-septate.

Septate the uterus can be a genetic anomaly. The uterus develops with two tubes. Two tubes eventually fuse and form one uterus. If you have a septate uterus the two tubes don’t connect efficiently. The signs include miscarriages, preterm birth, malformation of the renal system, as well as skeletal issues.

Septate uterus is diagnosed with a pelvic exam sonohysterography and transvaginal ultrasonography MRI and Hysteroscopy. The septate uterus could be treated by a surgical procedure known as hysteroscopic METROPLASTY.

The Differences between Bicornuate as well as Septate Uterus

A septate and bicornuate uterus can be both conditions that alter how the uterus looks and can impact the reproductive health of women.

Here are a few important differences between bicornuate versus septate uterus:


Bicornuate uterus: The uterus has the appearance of a heart because of the septum that divides the uterus into two halves.
Septate uterus: An uterus with the normal shape of its external appearance however, a septum splits the cavity inside into two sections.


Bicornuate uterus: It develops during the embryonic stage when the uterus fails to fuse properly at the midline.
Septate uterus: This occurs when the uterus is not fully grown and the septum that connects the two parts of the uterus is unable to break down. The symptoms and complications.

Bicornuate uterus: It is a cause of frequent premature labor, miscarriages, and misrepresentation of the fetus. In certain cases there might not be signs. Septate Uterus This can lead to frequent miscarriages, premature labor, and difficulties in conceiving. It can increase the chance of preterm birth and issues during pregnancy.


bicornuate: A bicornuate uterus is diagnosed by a pelvic examination, ultrasound, or MRI.
Septate uterus: It can be diagnosed through a pelvic exam, ultrasound, hysterosalpingography, or hysteroscopy.


Bicornuate Uterus: Treatment choices include surgery to remove the septum, or reconstructing the uterus to fix the irregular shape of the uterus. Septate uterus Treatment options include hysteroscopic surgery that can eliminate the septum, or uterine reconstruction to fix the irregular shape of the uterus.
Septate uterus: Septate uterus and bicornuate uterus are two distinct conditions that alter your uterus’s shape. They can affect the reproductive health of a woman.

Although they have some commonalities, they also differ regarding their causes, signs, and treatments. Early diagnosis and proper treatment can improve the chances of a successful pregnancy for women who suffer from these conditions.

Summary – Bicornuate and Septate Uterus

The uterine malformation can be attributed to the abnormal growth of Mullerian ducts in the process of embryogenesis. The septate and bicornuate uterus are two forms of abnormalities in the uterus. A bicornuate uterus can be caused by Mullerian duct anomalies in which the uterus appears to appear to be shaped like a heart.

Septate uterus is caused by Mullerian duct anomaly, in which a thin, thin tissue referred to as septum is found across the middle creating two distinct segments. This is the difference between a bicorn uterus and a septate uterus.