June 8, 2023
BPH and Prostatitis

Difference Between BPH and Prostatitis

The definition of BPH and Prostatitis

BPH or benign prostatic hyperplasia is an unprosecutorial enlargement in the prostate gland located below the bladder and encircles the urinary tract. BPH can trigger urinary symptoms like loose urine flow, difficulties in stopping and starting urination, and the requirement to frequent urination, especially in the evening.

Prostatitis on the other hand is an infection or inflammation that affects the prostate gland. It may be caused by bacteria or other causes that can cause various urinary symptoms and discomfort in the groin or the genital region, fever and chills.

There are various types of prostatitis. These include acute prostatitis caused by bacteria as well as chronic bacterial prostatitis as well as chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic joint pain syndrome.

It is crucial to understand the difference between these two kinds of conditions

It is crucial to know the distinction in BPH and prostatitis as they are caused by different factors risks, causes, and treatments. The mistake of comparing one condition to the other can lead to the wrong diagnosis or delay that could lead to more complications.

In the case of an individual suffering from BPH is incorrectly diagnosed as having prostatitis, they might receive antibiotics that do not treat the underlying causes of the symptoms.

In the other case, if a patient who suffers from prostatitis has been misdiagnosed as having BPH and is prescribed medication that does not effectively address their inflammation or infection.

In addition, BPH and prostatitis can be a source of long-term complications on a person’s health. BPH increases the chance of developing infection of the urinary tract, damage to the bladder and kidney disorders Prostatitis that is chronic can result in persistent discomfort and pain in the pelvic area.

Understanding the distinction in BPH and prostatitis can assist individuals in making informed choices about their health, and also seek the appropriate medical treatment when required.

What exactly is BPH?

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-cancerous expansion of prostate gland. It’s is the disease an increase in the size of the prostate gland. It’s more frequent as people get older.


                                                                             figur 02:  BPH          


The signs may include difficulty beginning to urinate and a weak stream of urination, frequent urination, an inability to urinate and losing bladder control. There are a few complications that can be related to BPH like urinary tract infections stones in the bladder, chronic kidney issues, etc. The root cause of BPH is not clear.

The risk factors are the presence of a family history of prostate disorders and overweight as well as type 2 diabetes not exercising enough and Erectile dysfunction. Sometimes, medicines like pseudoephedrine and anticholinergic drugs as well as calcium channel blockers may cause more symptoms.

It is possible to determine the diagnosis for this issue can be confirmed by an examination of the rectal area as well as urine analysis kidney function test prostate-specific antibody (PSA) and transrectal ultrasound. The treatment plan involves modifications to lifestyle, medication and even surgery.

People with milder symptoms should reduce weight, exercise and reduce their intake of caffeine. People with more severe symptoms are treated using alpha-blockers (terazosin) as well as 5alpha reductase inhibiters (finasteride).

If they do not see improvement by other methods must undergo surgical removal of prostate gland. Additionally, phytotherapies using saw palmetto can also provide significant improvement in this condition.

What’s Prostatitis?

Prostatitis refers to the inflammation and swelling in the prostate gland. It can affect men of all age. However it is more prevalent among younger men between 30 and 50 years old. The two most common types of prostatitis include the non-bacterial prostatitis and bacterial prostatitis.


                                                                  figur 02:  Prostatitis     

Prostatitis caused by Bacterial is an chronic or acute bacterial infections. The causes that could cause prostatitis that are not bacterial include a previous prostatitis bacterial infection irritation by some chemicals, problems with nerves that connect to the lower urinary tract, issues with the pelvic floor muscles sexual abuse, as well as persistent anxiety disorders.

The symptoms could include burning and pain during urination, discomfort when with urination, frequent urination, urgency to urinate in a cloud and blood in urine as well as pain in the abdomen or groin area, as well as the lower back, discomfort of the testicles, ejaculation pain, and flu-like symptoms.

The diagnosis for this condition is established through the tests for blood, urine post-prostatic massages along with imaging test (CT scan, Xray, as well as ultrasound). The treatment depends on the root causes. Prostatitis treatment options include alpha-blockers, antibiotics, as well as anti-inflammatory medications.

The differences in BPH and Prostatitis

Although BPH and prostatitis can trigger similar symptoms in the urinary tract however, both are distinct ailments that have different risks and causes. Here are a few of the major distinctions between these two conditions:

BPH and Prostatitis

                                                  Figur 03:  BPH and Prostatitis

Location of the disease: BPH involves an increase in the size of prostate gland Prostatitis is characterized by an infection or inflammation of the prostate gland.

Age of beginning: BPH typically affects those over 50, but prostatitis may be a problem for men of all ages even younger men.

The nature and the degree of the symptoms In BPH, there can be urinary symptoms like weak urine streams difficult to start and stop urinary flow, and the need to urinate often, particularly during the night. Prostatitis is a cause of similar urinary symptoms along with discomfort in the groin or the genital area, fever and chills.

Risk factors and causes: BPH is thought to be a result of hormonal changes that are a result of age, and the causes of prostatitis may vary and include bacteria or inflammation that is not bacterial, as well as muscles or nerve issues.

Factors that increase the risk of BPH include age as well as family history and overweight and the risk factors for prostatitis are the previous history of infections in the urinary tract, recent catheterization and a weak immune system.

Diagnose as well as treatment alternatives: A diagnosis for BPH and prostatitis requires an examination of the body along with a medical history and diagnostic tests including blood tests, urine tests and imaging tests. Treatment for BPH can involve taking medications as well as lifestyle changes or surgery.

Treatment for prostatitis could require anti-inflammatory medication, antibiotics or other treatments, dependent on the root reason for the condition.

The similarities among BPH and Prostatitis

Although BPH as well as prostatitis can be described as distinct illnesses There are some resemblances between them, such as:

Both of them affect the prostate gland. Prostatitis and BPH both affect the prostate gland. It makes up a part of the reproductive system for males.It is situated below the bladder and in front of the rectum.

Both of them can trigger urinary symptoms. Prostatitis and BPH may cause urinary problems including weak urine streams difficult to start and stop urine flow, and the requirement to urinate often, particularly during the night. However the severity and nature of the symptoms could differ between both conditions.

Both are diagnosed using similar tests: The diagnosis of BPH and prostatitis could require similar tests, like physical examination and medical history as well as blood tests, urine tests and imaging tests.

Both can require medical attention: The treatments are different for BPH and prostatitis could differ based on the root causes of the condition both can require medical intervention to control symptoms and prevent complications.

Summary – BPH Vs Prostatitis

The prostate gland the male reproductive organ. It produces a fluid that helps to nourish and protect the sperm cells. The most frequent types of prostrate disease include BPH Prostatitis, prostatitis, as well as prostate cancer.

BPH is the non-cancerous rise on the prostate’s volume and prostatitis is an swelling of prostate gland. This is the primary distinction between BPH and prostatitis.